Characteristics of a fabric are given mostly by the softness of cotton fibers, density of the weave and the number of fibers from which the individual yarns are woven.
The softness of the yarn is measured in textile units NE, which state a number of meters of the yarn weighing 0.59 grams (or 840-yard lengths weighing one pound). In general, the softer the yarn, the better quality and comfortable the fabric is (there are of course exceptions, for instance when a certain fabric structure or characteristic can be achieved only with the use of thicker yarns). Most of our fabrics are woven from yarns with softness of 100 NE (the standard off the rack shirts are usually made with yarns of 50 to 80 NE). We also offer ultra-soft fabrics of up to 140 NE (and limited edition fabrics of up to 300 NE).
Two yarns are often spun into a single one before the fabric is wover – in such case the fabric is designated as 2ply (or no. 2 is written after a slash following the number of NEs). This is typically done in order to prevent pilling of the fabric and to increase its quality.
Therefore, a fabric designated as 100/2 will be a high quality fabric made from very soft yarn (100 meters of this yarn will weigh only 0.59 grams), with the yarns made from two individual yarns that are spun together.